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These evergreen perennials are easy to nurture and produce cheerful, fragrant white blossoms from late spring through early fall. As a bonus, they often produce multiple blooming periods during the growing season each year. For centuries, humans have prized — and even worshipped — chamomile Chamaemelum nobile. But these little plants are especially valued for their many culinary and medicinal uses.
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Chamomile or camomile is the name given to several daisy-like plants. The two most popular types of chamomile are German or wild chamomile Matricaria recutita and Roman, English or garden chamomile Chamaemelum nobile. Both of these plants contain essential oils and anti-oxidants that are calming and relaxing and are commonly used in herbal infusions for hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasm, insomnia and gastrointestinal disorders.
The plants of chamomile are very ornamental, producing their white, daisy-like flowers with a yellow centre throughout summer and well into autumn. For best results and the most essential oils, chamomile is best grown in a warm, sunny place.
German chamomile will also grow in light shade or partially shaded areas. German chamomile also does well in poor, heavy clay soil, whereas Roman chamomile prefers well-drained and moderately fertile soils.
Transplant seedlings when large enough to handle into 7. Harden off by growing on in cooler conditions for days before planting out after all risk of frost, cm in apart.
You can buy young plants from garden centres, nurseries or mail order suppliers. Perennial varieties can be planted at any time of year, although autumn or spring are the best times.
Dig over the planting area, incorporating lots of organic matter — such as compost or planting compost, especially if the soil is heavy clay or light, well-drained sandy soil. Dig a good sized hole big enough to easily accommodate the rootball. Place the rootball in the planting hole and adjust the planting depth so that the crown of leaves is at soil level.
Mix in more organic matter with the excavated soil and fill in the planting hole. Apply a general granular plant food over the soil around the plants and water in well. Flower borders and beds, patios, containers, city and courtyard gardens, cottage and informal gardens, wildflower gardens, lawn.
Water plants whenever necessary to keep the soil or compost moist during spring and summer, as this will prolong flowering. Apply a granular general plant feed around the plants in spring or feed with a liquid plant food every couple of weeks in the growing season to encourage more flowers. Deadhead faded flowers regularly — or harvest flowers before they fade — to encourage more blooms to be produced. In autumn, tidy up perennial plants and cut down stems to ground level after they have died back.
Chamomile tea is made from the chamomile flowers. You only want the flowers, not the leaves or stems, so you have to pick them carefully. You can also go through the chamomile after picking to remove any leaves and stems.
Spread them out somewhere warm and well ventilated to thoroughly dry out of direct sunlight. Indoors is usually best. Once dry, you can store the flowers in a sealed container for a year. When making tea, use roughly 1 teaspoon of dried flowers per cup, twice that for fresh chamomile.
As the taste is quite bitter, use a little honey for sweetness. Chamaemelum nobile can also be used to make a chamomile lawn. You will need to choose a sunny site on light soils; chamomile lawns rarely grow well on heavy clay soils.
Chamomile lawns only tolerate light foot traffic, and become patchy when walked on excessively. Thoroughly prepare the soil, adding lots of bulky organic matter, such as compost and remove weeds, especially perennial weeds, before planting.
Space plants cm in apart, depending on their size. If you are one of those who drinks between cups a day, why not have a go at growing your own tea? Processing the harvested tea leaves you've grown will determine how strongly flavoured your tea will be, whether it is a Interest in grows your own continues to rise and growing your own tasty and healthy fruit and veg at home are easier How to grow chamomile Cultivation For best results and the most essential oils, chamomile is best grown in a warm, sunny place.
Chamomile varieties Chamaemelum nobile is a perennial that has dark green, aromatic leaves and small, white, flowers all summer. Height up to 30cm 12in. It does not come true from seed, so you will have to buy plants. Matricaria recutita is an annual with larger white flowers and grows up to 90cm 3ft high. Related products. Buy now. Find a store. Related articles. How to grow tea If you are one of those who drinks between cups a day, why not have a go at growing your own tea?
Read more. The tea production process Processing the harvested tea leaves you've grown will determine how strongly flavoured your tea will be, whether it is a What are the easiest vegetables to grow? Our products. Where to buy our products.
What to do this month. Find hands-on guidance for what to plant and when.
Make a donation. Chamomile tea is a popular herbal drink made from the flowers of this fully hardy perennial. The feathery green leaves are highly fragrant when touched or crushed, and in small amounts can be finely chopped to flavour cream sauces. Named cultivars do not come true from seed, so buy ready-grown plants for planting in spring. Roman chamomile can be started from seed. Sow seeds in late spring onto the surface of pots and cover with a thin layer of vermiculite.
There are two plants known as chamomile: the more popular German Although they belong to different species, they are used to treat the.
Chamomile is probably the most ancient medicinal herb, and it was well-known to Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, who dedicated this fantastic plant to Ra, their sun god. There are two popular types of this plant — Roman chamomile and German Chamomile. You can use these white daisy-like plants to make tea and many other natural products. Both types contain anti-oxidants and essential oils, helping people to feel relaxed. It is an excellent remedy helping in a case of fever, inflammation, rheumatic pain, gastrointestinal disorders, menstrual disorders, muscle spasm, insomnia, and many other issues. There are two most popular varieties of this beautiful, useful flower — Roman and German Chamomile. Roman chamomile Chamaemelum nobile, Anthemis nobilis is a perennial herb growing approximately 4 to 12 inches 10 —A German botanist, who spotted this flower while visiting Rome, gave it the name after that city in the 16th century.
One of my favourite teas is chamomile- especially my home grown, home dried tea. Originally I purchased some German Chamomile Matricaria chamomilla seeds from Diggers club and following the instructions I scattered the seeds over my vegie patch, sprinkled some soil over the top and gently watered them in. The seeds were sown in a sunny spot early in Spring and came up fairly quickly. In the first year I did harvest some flowers, but importantly I let many of the flowers go to seed, and since that first abundant harvest I have self- sown plants cropping up every year. So my only job is to transplant the seedlings.
Chamomile is well-known for its herbal and medicinal properties. Whether the variety is Roman, German or wild, they all belong to the large Asteraceae family.
A soothing cup of chamomile tea is a perfect nightcap. You can make it from either of the two types of chamomile, German or Roman. Most people grow German chamomile, especially in their vegetable gardens where it repels the dreaded cucumber beetle. It is also known as The Plant Doctor because anything planted near it will grow better. The name chamomile derives from Greek and means earth apple, a reference to the apple scent of the flowers.
Roman and German chamomile are two common types of this popular herb. Learn differences between the two types and how to grow chamomile with these 5 tips. Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information. German Chamomile:. Roman Chamomile:. For square foot gardening , plant chamomile plants per square foot.
But for your herbal tea garden, German Chamomile is a much better choice When I say these plants pretty much take care of themselves, I'm not kidding.
Chamomile is a marvelous medicinal herb with beautiful blooms. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. Planting chamomile in a pot keeps things under control.
Fill planting container with seed starting mix 2. Spray a bit of water to seed starting mix and push down firmly 3. Take about Chamomile seeds and place them on TOP of the soil 4. Lightly scratch in seeds and spritz with water 5. DO NOT bury seeds too deep in the soil, they need sunlight to sprout! Place container in a very sunny spot in the room so seeds can sprout within days 7.
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Chamomile flowers are used by many cultures throughout the world in teas, herbal remedies, and traditional medicine. They are also decorative flowers that can be seen as a wildflower or in cultivated gardens. There are actually multiple varieties of chamomile within the Asteraceae family. Where do chamomile flowers grow? Chamomile is native to western Europe, India, and Asia.
Chamomile is one of the most popular herbs in the Western world. There are two plants known as chamomile: the more popular German chamomile Matricaria recutita and Roman, or English, chamomile Chamaemelum nobile. Although they belong to different species, they are used to treat the same health problems. Both are used to calm frayed nerves, to treat stomach problems, to relieve muscle spasms, and to treat skin conditions and mild infections.